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Protective Order: Fact Sheet

Protective Orders

This article tells you how to get a protective order and protective orders can do.

Protective orders have wide-ranging legal effects beyond ordering people to stay away from each other. Here, learn where to apply for protective orders and how protective orders work.

This article was written by Texas RioGrande Legal Aid and updated by TexasLawHelp.

What is a protective order?

If you have been a victim of violence, stalking or sexual abuse, you can apply for a court order to keep your abuser away from you. This order is called a Protective Order (“PO”). There are different kinds of PO’s for victims of domestic abuse, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking and human trafficking. 

A PO orders an abuser:

  • Not to hurt, threaten, or harass you or your children, either directly or through another person;
  • To stay away from you, your family, your home, workplace, and children’s daycare or school;
  • Not to carry a gun, even with a license; and
  • Tracking or monitoring your personal property or car, or a member of your family or household, by using a tracking device or physically following you directly or through another person.

The judge can also:

  • Order the separation of your cell phone (and the cell phone used by a child in your custody) if your cell phone is under or connected to the abuser's account;
  • Order payment of child support and medical support;
  • Set terms and conditions for visitation with the children;
  • Order the abuser to attend anger management classes;
  • Order drug testing;
  • Order the abuser to attend a substance abuse treatment program; and
  • Order the offender out of the home (known as a kick-out order).

Texas Code of Criminal Procedure 7B.005.

How do I get a protective order?

There are several ways to apply: 

  • Contact your local county or district attorney’s office;
  • Contact your local family violence shelter. Call 800-799-SAFE (7233) to find the nearest one;
  • Contact your local legal aid office;
  • Hire a private attorney;
  • Use the do-it-yourself Protective Order Kit. Trying to get a protective order without an attorney should be your last resort.

What if the abuser agrees to a protective order?

The parties may agree in writing to a protective order, but it must be approved by the court.

For help call the Family Violence Legal Line: 800-374-HOPE(4673).

What must I show to get a PO?

What you must show depends on the type of protective order.

For a family violence protective order, you must be able to show that violence has occurred.

For stalking, sexual assault, and human trafficking protective orders, you must be able to show the abuser committed either stalking, sexual assault, or trafficking.

Some considerations:

  • Family violence includes any intimate partner violence, including dating violence and violence between same-sex partners.
  • A specific relationship with the abuser is not required for sexual assault, stalking, and human trafficking protective orders.
  • Call the police when an incident occurs. If you have made reports before, it is more likely that a PO will be granted.
  • Don’t delay in applying for a protective order. Apply right after the incident. Waiting will reduce your chances of getting a PO because the threat of immediate danger has passed.
  • Document incidents of abuse. Photograph injuries and save threatening voice messages, texts, and emails. The more details you provide, the more likely you are to get a PO.

Read about family violence protective orders in Texas Family Code 85.001

How long does a PO last?

It depends on the type of abuse (stalking, dating violence, sexual assault, family violence); the seriousness of the harm, if children were present, if an arrest was made, past violence, the likelihood of future violence, and other factors.

Protective orders for family violence usually last two years, but can be for any duration, including for life. Sexual assault and stalking protective orders can last for life.

What happens if someone violates a PO?

If the abuser violates a protective order, he or she can be arrested and charged with a crime. Multiple violations can result in felony charges.

Related Guides

  • I need a protective order.

    Protective Orders

    How to ask the court for protection from someone who has been violent or threatened to be violent.
  • Related Articles

    Related Forms

  • Protective Order Kit

    Guided instructions and information on how to obtain a protective order and which court forms to use.
  • Pro Se Sexual Assault Protective Order Packet


    Guided instructions and forms to obtain a sexual assault protective order.