Protective orders have wide-ranging legal effects beyond ordering people to stay away from each other. Here, learn where to apply for protective orders and how protective orders work.
This article was written by Texas RioGrande Legal Aid and updated by TexasLawHelp.
What is a protective order?
If you have been a victim of violence, stalking or sexual abuse, you can apply for a court order to keep your abuser away from you. This order is called a Protective Order (“PO”). There are different kinds of PO’s for victims of domestic abuse, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking and human trafficking.
A PO orders an abuser:
- not to hurt, threaten, or harass you or your children, either directly or through another person;
- to stay away from you, your family, your home, workplace, and children’s day care or school;
- not to carry a gun, even with a license.
The judge can also:
- order the separation of your cell phone (and the cell phone used by a child in your custody) if your cell phone is under/connected to the abuser's account,
- order payment of child support and medical support,
- set terms and conditions for visitation with the children,
- order the abuser to attend anger management classes,
- order drug testing,
- order the abuser to attend a substance abuse treatment program,
- order the offender out of the home (“kick out order”).
How do I get a protective order?
There are several ways to apply:
- Contact your local county or district attorney’s office,
- Contact your local family violence shelter. Call 800-799-SAFE (7233) to find the nearest one,
- Contact your local legal aid office.
- Hire a private attorney,
- Complete the do-it-yourself PO Kit available from TexasLawHelp.org. Trying to get a protective order without an attorney should be your last resort.
What if the abuser agrees to a protective order?
The parties may agree in writing to a protective order, but it must be approved by the court.
For help call the Family Violence Legal Line: 800-374-HOPE(4673).
What must I show to get a PO?
What you must show depends on the type of protective order.
For a family violence protective order, you must be able to show that violence has occurred and it is likely that violence will continue in the future.
For stalking, sexual assault, and human trafficking protective orders, you must be able to show the abuser committed either stalking, sexual assault, or trafficking.
- Family violence includes any intimate partner violence, including dating violence and violence between same-sex partners,
- A specific relationship with the abuser is not required for sexual assault, stalking and human trafficking protective orders.
- Call the police when an incident occurs. If you have made reports before, it is more likely that a PO will be granted,
- Don’t delay in applying for a protective order. Apply right after the incident. Waiting will reduce your chances of getting a PO, because the threat of immediate danger has passed.
- Document incidents of abuse. Photograph injuries, save threatening voice messages, texts, and emails. The more details you provide, the more likely you are to get a PO.
How long does a PO last?
It depends on the type of abuse (stalking, dating violence, sexual assault, family violence); the seriousness of the harm, if children were present, if an arrest was made, past violence, the likelihood of future violence, and other factors. PO’s for family violence usually last two years, but can be for any duration, including for life. Sexual assault and stalking POs can last for life.
What happens if someone violates a PO?
If the abuser violates a protective order, he or she can be arrested and charged with a crime. Multiple violations can result in felony charges.
This article provides information on emergency protective orders.
This article briefly explains sexual assault protective orders.
Sexual assault affects a victim’s safety. A safety plan is used to help empower a survivor and reduce the risk of future harm.
This article explains safety planning for people in or leaving abusive relationships.
This article provides information on what to do after the court grants you a protective order.
This article tells you about getting divorced when there has been family violence.