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Court by Telephone

Court Basics

How to ask the court to let you attend a hearing over the phone

I am unable to attend my court date. Can I participate by telephone?

For many reasons, you may find it difficult to participate in a family court hearing. If you cannot participate in person yourself, the best option is to hire an attorney who can appear for you at the hearing. Some attorneys may agree to limited scope representation and represent you only for the court date you are going to miss. Read more about limited scope representation.

 

Asking for a continuance might be an option as well.

 

If you cannot hire an attorney, call the court that you are scheduled to appear in. Ask if you can make an appearance (that is, participate) by telephone. 

 

Each county in Texas has different court rules about appearing by telephone. Some counties allow telephonic appearances and some do not. If a court does allow you to appear by telephone, you will likely need a very good reason to do so.

 

Distance from the court or having to work may not be an adequate excuse to miss your court date.

 

Find your court’s website and check their local rules to see if it provides information on telephonic appearances.  

 

What happens if I do not go to a court hearing?

If you do not show up for your hearing, the judge can order a default judgment in favor of the other side. Read more about default judgments

 

Warning: Sometimes the consequences for failing to appear or participate can be as severe as the court issuing a bench warrant for failure to appear. If this happens, you need a lawyer. Read How to Enforce a Visitation Order for an example of a situation in which this could happen.

 

 

 

What should I do if I want to appear by telephone?

You should contact the court coordinator for your judge. Ask the court coordinator if you can appear by telephone and what you need to do to set the hearing. You can likely find their information online. If you cannot, check with the county clerk to see who you will need to talk to. If at all possible you should email the court coordinator. Copy the other side in your case—and others with a right to know what's going on (like the Office of the Attorney General Child Support Division if this case involves child support).

 

You also need to be sure to ask the court if you can appear by telephone, and document both your request and what happens with your request.

If you do not take the step of asking to appear by telephone, the court will not know about it and will not assume you are participating by telephone. It's a good idea to make your request in writing (read this San Antonio appeals court case to help you understand why your request should be in writing). 

 

 

 

When should I contact the court to ask if I can appear by telephone?

You should contact the court coordinator as soon as you know you will be unable to make your hearing. Some courts may have deadlines for requesting to appear by telephone. This could range from a number of days to weeks before your hearing. Also, you may be required to provide notice to the opposing party, which can take some time.

 

 

Does the opposing party need to agree for me to appear by telephone?

Generally, yes. Whether the opposing party agrees or not, you may be required to give notice to the opposing party or their attorney if they have one.

 

 

Do I need an attorney to help me appear by telephone?

Maybe. Some courts may require you to file a Motion for Telephonic Hearing and an Order for Telephonic Hearing. If so, consider contacting an attorney who can assist you with this. TexasLawHelp does not have forms for telephonic appearances.

 

You can also try to locate a template for a motion to draft yourself at your local law library (see the Texas State Law Library's list of law libraries).

 

 

Is appearance by telephone free?

It depends. Some courts in Texas use a service called Court Call that usually charges a fee (see Tom Green County, for example). Call or email the court coordinator for your judge to find out if the court uses Court Call and what the fee will be. Here is Court Call's list of participating Texas courts

 

Also, some courts are now allowing free videoconferencing. The Texas Office of Court Administration has this information about electronic court hearings.

 

The webpages for some of the Harris County District Courts have more details on their policies: 245th, 247th, 310th.

Does the court have to let me participate by telephone?

No. The court does not have to let you participate in a hearing by telephone, although the rules guiding Texas judges give them the power to allow it. See Texas Rule of Judicial Administration 7(a)(6)(b)

A few examples of jurisdictions where judges might allow you to participate in court by telephone include:

The above is not a complete list of all counties that allow telephonic appearances. Research your county to learn more.

Should I talk to a lawyer about appearing by telephone?

Yes! A lawyer is a great resource if you are trying to appear by telephone. Lawyers in your county are likely knowledgeable about your court’s policy on telephone appearances. Also, a lawyer can assist with drafting any necessary forms to file to appear by telephone.

  

Is it possible to do any type of hearing by telephone?

Generally, it is not going to be an option to do just any type of hearing by telephone. You are more likeky to be allowed to participate by telephone if it is an uncontested hearing in which you don't have to present evidence. Learn more by reading Civil Litigation in Texas: The Basics in Three Phases.

Can I attend court by videoconference?

Some Texas courts are letting people appear by videoconference. The Office of Court Administration has information about that here. You should email or call the court administrator/coordinator for the court where your case is. 

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  • Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures (Non-Family Law)

    PR-RMT-100 Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures (Non-Family Law)

    Use form to request permission to participate in hearing by telephone/videoconference. Not for use in family law cases.
  • Order on Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures (Non-Family Law)

    PR-RMT-101 Order on Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures

    Submit form with motion to appear by telephone/videoconference. Judge will complete and sign. Not for family law case.
  • Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures - Divorce (No Children)

    FM-DivAD-500 Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures

    Use form to request permission to participate in hearing by telephone/videoconference. Family law cases, no children.
  • Order on Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures - Divorce (No Children)

    FM-DivAD-501

    Submit form with motion to appear by telephone/videoconference. Judge will complete and sign. Use in family law case.
  • Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures - Divorce With Children

    FM-DivB-500

    Submit form with motion to appear by telephone/videoconference. Judge will complete and sign. Use in family law case.
  • Order on Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures - Divorce with Children

    FM-DivB-501

    Use form to request permission to participate in hearing by telephone/videoconference. Divorce case involving children.
  • Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures - SAPCR or Modification Cases

    FM-SAPCR-300

    Ask the court to use emergency procedures, like a hearing by video app or phone, during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Order on Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures - SAPCR and Modification

    FM-SAPCR-501-Order on Motion for Use of Emergency Procedures

    Use to order the use of emergency procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic.