Each county in Texas has different court rules about appearing by telephone. Some counties allow telephonic appearances, and some do not. Learn more in this article.
I am unable to attend my court date. Can I participate by telephone?
The Texas Rules of Civil Procedure 21d and 500.10 are the rules governing telephonic court. Telephonic court proceedings can be used when they are authorized by the court or by the agreement of the parties.
For many reasons, you may find it difficult to participate in a family court hearing. Distance from the court or having to work may not be an adequate excuse to miss your court date. If you cannot participate in person yourself, the best option is to hire an attorney who can appear for you at the hearing. Some attorneys may agree to limited scope representation and represent you only for the court date you are going to miss. Read more about limited scope representation.
Asking for a continuance might be an option as well.
Each county in Texas has different court rules about appearing by telephone. Find your court’s website and check their local rules to see if it provides information on telephonic appearances.
Some counties allow telephonic appearances, and some do not. If a court does allow you to appear by telephone, you will likely need a very good reason to do so.
What if I can’t hire an attorney to appear for me?
If you cannot hire an attorney, call the court that you are scheduled to appear in. Ask if you can make an appearance (that is, participate) by telephone.
What happens if I do not go to a court hearing?
If you do not show up for your hearing, the judge can order a default judgment in favor of the other side. Read more about default judgments.
Warning: Sometimes the consequences for failing to appear or participate can be as severe as the court issuing a bench warrant for failure to appear. If this happens, you need a lawyer. Read How to Enforce a Visitation Order for an example of a situation in which this could happen.
What should I do if I want to appear by telephone?
You should contact the court coordinator for your judge. Ask the court coordinator if you can appear by telephone and what you need to do to set the hearing. You can likely find their information online. If you cannot, check with the county clerk to see who you will need to talk to. If at all possible you should email the court coordinator. Copy the other side in your case—and others with a right to know what's going on (like the Office of the Attorney General Child Support Division if this case involves child support).
You also need to be sure to ask the court if you can appear by telephone, and document both your request and what happens with your request.
If you do not take the step of asking to appear by telephone, the court will not know about it and will not assume you are participating by telephone. It's a good idea to make your request in writing (read this San Antonio appeals court case to help you understand why your request should be in writing).
When should I contact the court to ask if I can appear by telephone?
You should contact the court coordinator as soon as you know you will be unable to make your hearing. Some courts may have deadlines for requesting to appear by telephone. This could range from a number of days to weeks before your hearing. Also, you may be required to provide notice to the opposing party, which can take some time.
Does the opposing party need to agree for me to appear by telephone?
Generally, yes. Whether the opposing party agrees or not. The court may allow or require a party to appear telephonically upon appropriate notice by a party or the court. See Tex. R. Civ. P. 21d.
Do I need an attorney to help me appear by telephone?
Maybe. Some courts may require you to file a Motion for Telephonic Hearing and an Order for Telephonic Hearing. If so, consider contacting an attorney who can assist you with this. TexasLawHelp does not have forms for telephonic appearances.
You can also try to locate a template for a motion to draft yourself at your local law library (see the Texas State Law Library's list of law libraries).
Is appearance by telephone free?
It depends. Some courts in Texas use a service called Court Call that usually charges a fee (see Tom Green County, for example). Call or email the court coordinator for your judge to find out if the court uses Court Call and what the fee will be. Here is Court Call's list of participating Texas courts.
Also, some courts are now allowing free videoconferencing. The Texas Office of Court Administration has this information about electronic court hearings.
Does the court have to let me participate by telephone?
No. The court does not have to let you participate in a hearing by telephone, although the rules guiding Texas judges give them the power to allow it. See Tex. R. Civ. P. 21d and 500.10
A few examples of jurisdictions where judges might allow you to participate in court by telephone include:
Bell County IV-D (child support) court (see this memo about telephonic appearances)
Comal County (see this 2014 memo)
Kerr County (see Rule 2.8 of its local rules)
Travis County (see Chapter 9 of its local rules)
The above is not a complete list of all counties that allow telephonic appearances. Research your county to learn more.
Should I talk to a lawyer about appearing by telephone?
Yes! A lawyer is a great resource if you are trying to appear by telephone. Lawyers in your county are likely knowledgeable about your court’s policy on telephone appearances. Also, a lawyer can assist with drafting any necessary forms to file to appear by telephone.
Is it possible to do any type of hearing by telephone?
Generally, it is not going to be an option to do just any type of hearing by telephone. You are more likely to be allowed to participate by telephone if it is an uncontested hearing in which you don't have to present evidence. Learn more by reading Civil Litigation in Texas: The Basics in Three Phases.
Can I attend court by videoconference?
Some Texas courts are letting people appear by videoconference. The Office of Court Administration has information about that here. You should email or call the court administrator/coordinator for the court where your case is.
This article explains how to ask for a continuance.
Some Texas courts will hold hearings by videoconference, usually using Zoom or Webex.
This article explains the basics of civil lawsuits in Texas.
This article tells you general information on what to do and not to do in a courtroom.
Learn how the court system and personal rights changed due to the pandemic and how to navigate them.
This article tells you how to file an answer in a family law case (such as a divorce, custody, paternity, or modification case).
Learn what to expect if you are ordered to appear in a IV-D Court (also known as child support court).
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