Disaster Relief: Emergency Housing and Other Needs Assistance
This article contains information on ways you can get help with emergency housing and other needs as you recover from a disaster. This article was written by Texas RioGrande Legal Aid.
IHP includes two programs: Housing Assistance and Other Needs Assistance. To qualify, a U.S. citizen, non-citizen national or qualified alien must live in your household. If your child is a citizen but you are undocumented, you can apply for IHP in behalf of your minor child. Your child must live with you and have a social security number. FEMA can tell you about getting a social security number for your child. You will have to verify identity and the address where you lived at the time of the disaster. Keep receipts to prove your disaster-related expenses.
Repair and Replacement Assistance is a one-time payment. Temporary Housing Assistance is for an initial period of 1-3 months. Housing assistance includes:
- Temporary Lodging Reimbursement - Reimbursement for hotels, motels, or other short-term lodging following evacuation. Keep all receipts!
- Rental Assistance - Up to 18 months of help to rent a house, apartment, manufactured home, recreational vehicle, or other living space while repairs are made to your pre-disaster housing. If you need more than $33,000 to make repairs, apply for an SBA disaster loan.
- Manufactured Housing - Temporary housing in manufactured homes provided by FEMA.
- Multi-Family Lease and Repair -Allows FEMA to lease multi-family rental properties in disaster areas to provide temporary housing.
All other IHP assistance is limited to 18 months following the disaster declaration. Depending on your needs, you may qualify for more than one type of assistance through IHP.
This can help with needs not met through other types of disaster assistance. Dependent ONA (depends whether you qualify for an SBA Disaster Loan) can help you repair or replace personal property and household items like furnishings, appliances and tools needed for work; transportation, including repair or replacement of a damaged vehicle; and with moving and storage costs.
Non-Dependent ONA covers needs regardless of whether you have applied for an SBA loan. It can help with funeral expenses (including reburial); medical and dental expenses (including injury, illness, lost medication and medical equipment, and insurance co-payments); child care expenses (a one-time payment for up to 8 weeks of care); and reimbursement for purchase or rental of items used for repair or cleanup (such as a chainsaw, air purifier or dehumidifier).
ONA and IHP have the same application. If you've applied to the IHP, you don't need to file for ONA. Apply online or call the FEMA helpline at 800.621.3362. Cash benefits will come by check or electronic transfer to your bank.