Constitutional County Courts
Authored By: Texas Association of Counties
Each county in Texas has a single county court presided over by a county judge. The constitutional county courts generally hear the probate cases filed in the county. They have original jurisdiction over all Class A and Class B misdemeanor criminal cases, which are the more serious minor offenses. These courts usually have appellate jurisdiction in cases appealed from justice of the peace and municipal courts, except in counties where county courts at law have been established. These courts share jurisdiction with justice of the peace and district courts in civil cases in which the amount in controversy is small.